WordPress, Joomla, Magento and Drupal are the four most popular content management systems (CMS) which one can find online. All four are open source and built on the PHP + MySQL platform. They have different features, capabilities, and customization flexibility. Here is a strong comparison of each of the CMS platforms.
Drupal is one of the oldest CMS systems launched in early 2001. Like WordPress and Joomla, Drupal is based on PHP-MySQL and extremely powerful thus being a popular choice for feature rich, websites like Data.gov.uk.
One of the most important advantages of Drupal is that it is extremely flexible with blogs, backend systems and even enterprise systems. It is powerful and flexible for developers. Drupal is search engine friendly and enterprise-friendly with strong version control features and ability to handle hundreds of thousands of pages of content with ease. It scales effortlessly and is stable serving thousands of users on a simultaneous basis.
Drupal does have a steep learning curve, lack of free plugins and themes too.
Magento is actually an open-source e-commerce platform, powering business websites, from small, local stores and huge international chains.
It is easy to integrate with many third-party sites and shipping services like FedEx & UPS. It is a particularly feature-rich platform and comes with built-in SEO features, delivering online marketing tools that help buyers to rate and review products. It can handle multiple stores and can be easily customized. It offers clear improvements over any of its predecessors and is updated regularly by designers with support from the large Magento web community.
Joomla is an open-source content management software which incepted from Mambo. It boasts over 30m downloads and powers sites as Cloud.com, Linux.com, and the like. It is relatively easy to use with a polished, flexible and powerful user interface and a strong developer community. The plugin library is large enough and contains several free to use plugins and extensions.
It includes components, plugins, templates, modules and languages through which developers can add several capabilities like dynamic content and search functions to a web page.
It was originally designed as an enterprise-grade CMS and hence can handle a huge number of articles than WordPress. It has some learning curve and also lacks SEO capabilities.
More than 68 million websites utilize WordPress and is one of the most popular blogging platforms in the world. It hosts multiple authors and includes a huge plugin library. WordPress’ UI is easy to use where any user can drop a theme, add plugins, and start blogging within some minutes. It also boasts of strong SEO capabilities. It is highly flexible and easy to use too. One of its cons is its security since it is often a target of hackers. Also, it doesn’t support old plugins and has limited design options too.